The blacksmith was an important artisan during the Viking Age. He probably made arrowheads, boat nails, and other useful objects for both the chieftain and other people on the farm. The blacksmith is usually present five days a week during the period from 15 June to 15 August. (In 2020: From June 22nd - July)
The chieftain at Borg probably had his own blacksmith and smithy. During excavations, a number of iron tools, nails, and rivets were found.
The floor of the publicly available site has been lowered 0.5 metres so that visitors can more easily see what is going on in the smithy. In addition to public demonstrations of the blacksmith’s craft, we sometimes engage in experimental archaeology in the form of charcoal and iron production in the area around the smithy.
The museum’s replica of a smithy was built as a compromise between traditional building techniques and modern solutions.
- The layout of the smithy was inspired by excavations of Iron Age smithies, such as those found in Gene in Northern Sweden and L’Anse aux Meadows in New Foundland.
- The main material used is pinewood, felled during the summer and brought in from Målselv.
- Pairs of thick columns were used (3 pairs).
- Skeletal building systems of the kind in question have not been found north of Romsdalen, and therefore a technique known as “Salten-stavlina” was used for the skeletal system of the smithy at Borg.
- The smithy is covered in birch bark and turf.
- Birch bark was used for roofing in prehistoric and historic times.
- The walls are made of turf, making the smithy inconspicuous in the surrounding terrain.